Although sometimes used to designate similar groups in other societies, the “caste system” is uniquely The govern-ment refers to this However given the global nature of the “caste system” it has in part become fragmented into slightly different meanings depending on the culture it’s embedded into. This system is maintained using rigid economic penalties in case of any deviations . ( 2) Object made by pouring or pressing soft material into a mould This ice cream cat is very small. We Database of more then 20K CBSE Tutors, Millions of CBSE Students, Teachers and Principals. (v) Caste system is an example of diversity. The two main terms used by Indians are ‘varna’ and ‘jati’. The caste system as it exists today is thought to be the result of developments during the collapse of the Mughal era and the British colonial regime in India. Caste and untouchability. Many societies, including all industrial ones, have class systems. Caste is an ancient hereditary system that developed alongside and became intertwined with Hinduism. June 2005, caste A. Dalit means those who have been 'broken'. This essay relates to the issues of sociological and cultural diversity in India vis-à-vis the global emerging issues of sociological and cultural diversity conservation. Membership in a caste is based on birth. The existence of communalism in the society is another feature of Indian social system. What we may be witnessing is an atavistic return to a pre-Enlightenment class dominated social structure, which resembles nothing so much as India’s historical caste system. Caste System in Nepal. Jayasthiti Malla (1382–1395) categorized Newars into 64 castes (Gellner 2001). In truth, the relatively minor tweaks ignore the fundamental nature of an admissions caste system that will continue to segregate our city’s students by race, class and academic level. Dec 25, 2020 - NCERT Textbook - Gender, Religion and Caste Caste Class 10 Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of Class 10. Caste, any of the ranked, hereditary, endogamous social groups, often linked with occupation, that together constitute traditional societies in South Asia, particularly among Hindus in India. They prefer this word to 'untouchable'. The diversity in social life is reflected in multi-social, multi-lingual, multi-religious and multi-caste nature of the society. Caste system divided and connected together by three characteristics: separation in matters of marriage, contact, and division of labor. (vi) Kerala and Ladakh are in different parts of India. Ascribed status is defined as the social position of a person due to his/her birth (as in the case of caste), sex, race, inherited wealth, etc. Cultural diversity creates uniqueness and enriches a country’s history and social set ups with creativity in art and architectural aspects arising from such diversity. While I can recall many personal experiences, one example is … (vii) The geography of Ladakh allows cultivation of spices. Its root can be traced back to thousands of years. Here Is An Example! Social barriers are erected specially in the way of lower class individuals who are not given freedom for the mental and physical development and are not provided with opportunities for that. Inscriptions attest the beginnings of a caste system during the Licchavi period. Caste discrimination The caste system is one of the forms of social and economic governance based on customary rules . Caste system entails a number of characteristics. For example, the renowned Gupta Dynasty, which ruled from 320 to 550, was from the Vaishya caste rather than the Kshatriya. However, caste systems and the ensuing discrimination have spread into Christian, Buddhist, Muslim and Sikh communities. In pre- Independent India upper caste people enjoyed power and wealth. Portuguese employed casta in the modern sense when they applied it to hereditary Indian social groups called as ‘jati’ in India. example, the National Dalit Commission lists 28 Dalit castes, whereas the 2001 Census lists only 16 Dalit castes. They are also found in Africa, other parts of Asia, the Middle East, the Pacific and in Diaspora communities. 19. This word according to Dalits shows how social prejudices and discrimination have 'broken' the Dalit people. Ans. A society is stratified on many accounts but caste system gave total rights to upper-class people to put lower class people down and humiliate them. The caste system, which is based on the philosophies of purity and pollution, hierarchy and difference, has despite social mobility, been overbearing towards the Shudras and the outcastes who suffered the disgrace of ritual impurity and lived in abject poverty, illiteracy and denial of political power. The Nepalese caste system resembles in some respects the Indian jāti system, with numerous jāti divisions with a varna system superimposed. The important features of the Indian social structure are-predominant rural habitation in small villages; multi-religious and multi-caste social identities … Discrimination Based On Caste 18. Caste word is derived from a Spanish language and its meaning is breed in English. Unfortunately, it poses a challenge where these distinctions create language barriers and enhance social segregation due to variability of individuals on tribal, caste, religious or geographical basis. Segmental division: So far as caste system is concerned, each caste is an autonomous group independent of the other. (vi) Kerala and Ladakh are in different parts of India. Such anomalies arise due to the fact that some Newar Dalit castes refuse to be called Dalit (footnote 7). Status can be either achieved or ascribed. Class Systems. The caste system is one of the unique features in Indian Society. In a class system, occupation is not fixed at birth. The global definition of the caste system surrounds a classification of several hereditary groups of hierarchical social class. They can also socialize with and marry members of other classes, which allows people to move from one class to another. (i) All Indians share the national anthem. Shashi Tharoor . Most professionals have experienced the “caste system” culture at some point in their career. The largest Dalit caste is Kami (blacksmiths) with 30% of the Dalit population, and and , , and. (vii) The geography of Ladakh allows cultivation of spices. (iv) Pt.Nehru was the first President of India. Caste: A system of rigid social stratification characterised by hereditary status, endogamy and social barriers sanctioned by customs, law and religion. In CBSEGuess you can download CBSE Board Papers from the archies of 50K CBSE Sample Papers, Guess Papers and Question Bank. Unlike class system, cast system does not allow any person to move from one caste to another. There are four main classes referred to as the Varna and In this system of stratification, a person is born into a social ranking but can move up or down from it much more easily than in caste systems or slave societies. They are as follows: 1. The caste system was not absolute during much of Indian history. Caste system is a unique type of class system in which the social ordering is done on the basis of birth. The main castes were further divided into about 3,000 castes and 25,000 sub-castes, each based on their specific occupation. People are free to gain a different level of education or employment than their parents. Existence of Communalism. Diversity and Discrimination / 19 Dalit is a term that people belonging to so-called lower castes use to address themselves. The caste system is undemocratic because it denies equal rights to all irrespective of their caste, creed or colour. The term ‘caste’ was introduced into India by the Portuguese colonialists to conceptualise forms of racial segregation within the society. The Caste system upon which India’s tradition of diversity or unity in Ans. Unlike caste systems, class systems are open. The caste system is arguably the most distinctive feature of Indian society. Jana → Jati → Caste The word caste derives from the Spanish and Portuguese “casta”, means 'race, lineage, or breed'. 8. Each caste has its own way of life. A social class is a category of people who have a similar socio-economic status in relation to other classes in the society. The idea of an integrated “caste system” and the alternative of competing “ethnic”, political or cultural identities fail to capture the range of interactional domains (including class and gender relations) and adaptive dimensions through which caste is reproduced today. It refers to any of the hereditary social classes or sub-classes of traditional Hindu society, stratified according to Hindu ritual purity, namely, the Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra castes. This document is highly rated by Class … (v) Caste system is an example of diversity. (ii) All Indians have the same national language. There is strict restriction on inter-dining and inter-marriage among people belonging to different castes. This type of system exists in Indian subcontinent only. Work out which sentences are correct. Caste and Casteism have been playing important factor in Social, Economic, Cultural and Political life in India. The Indian caste system traditionally existed as a form of social hierarchy, combining aspects of both race and occupational class. Ascriptive process define the social standing or even the lifestyle of the individual. Introduction of democracy and land reforms have created changes. As caste system has deep historical roots, it cannot be abolished. There is a close relation between caste and class system in India. Are. It is a structural analysis that concern with inter-caste relationship. The caste system involves dividing people into social groups known as castes mostly determined by birth. Historical Perspectives on Ethnic Diversity 4. For this reason mobility from one caste to another is impossible. We also compile CBSE Academics curriculum / syllabus, CBSE Results, CBSE … A lack of diversity among writers, producers and media executives could explain why news shows, according to a study by Jackson, portray African Americans as poor in 65% of the images, but they constitute only 1/3 of poor people in the US. But in the modern India changes have taken place in the nexus between caste and class. A central feature of caste discrimination is the so-called “untouchability practices”. Having Listing of CBSE and Non CBSE Schools with Alumni associated with schools. We will see caste practice mainly in Hindu religion because there is the broad division of castes in India, total 2800 castes in India. Hence it is unchangeable. (iii) All Indians speak the same language. Normally upper caste people were considered as rich and they were dominating. The Caste System During Classical Indian History . Class system, on the contrary, is an open system which allows vertical and horizontal mobility. 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