We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. Thanks to their large pom-pom blooms in bright colors, African marigolds are sure to brighten up any garden space. French Marigolds (Tagetes patula): Marigold cultivars in this group grow 5 inches to 18 inches high. Who ever said that chicken wings, doughnuts, and pizza couldn't be healthy? Slightly peppery in taste and vibrant in color, these marigold petals remind me of arugula with a hint of tang and spice. Dinner Tonight: Quick and Healthy Menus in 45 Minutes (or Less). Our French marigold has big bold maroon and gold stripes, like a circus tent. 3. After all, he knew that measuring the marigolds would take him places. French Marigold Facts: Learn How To Plant French Marigolds, Plants For Nematode Control: Are There Any Plants That Repel Nematodes, Marigolds As Food – Tips On Growing Edible Marigolds, Decorating With Plants – How Plants Can Transform A Space, Winter Orchid Requirements: Growing Orchids During Winter, Indoor Plant Problems: Mistakes People Make With Houseplants, Zone 4 Cherry Trees: Choosing And Growing Cherries In Cold Climates, Tansy Plant Info: Tips On Growing Tansy Herbs, Leptinella Information – Tips On Growing Brass Buttons In Gardens, Kiwi For Zone 5 Gardens – Tips On Growing Kiwi In Zone 5, Winter Planning Process – Make To-Do Lists Happen, Fake Tree For The Holidays And Why I Love it, What Is The Winter Solstice: First Day Of Winter History, Fresh-Cut Pine Tree Smell: Perfect Christmas Tree Memories. While there are various species of marigold flowers grown around the world, calendula is considered to be the most medicinal. The scent of marigolds is said to deter these pests. Edible marigold flowers are said to taste either mildly citrusy to subtly spicy to, well, like a marigold. Some people claim that … Cheery and easy to grow, marigolds (Tagetes) are a favorite among gardeners.There are over 50 varieties of this annual plant, but American gardeners are most likely to see the French marigold (Tagetes patuls) and African marigold (Tagetes erecta) at their local garden center.French marigolds stand 6 to 12 inches tall and spread about 6 to 9 inches wide. Also called American marigolds or Aztec marigolds, African marigolds are annuals that bloom from early summer until frost. However common these annuals may be, many gardeners fail to realize that marigolds are actually poisonous. this link is to an external site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines. All Rights Reserved. Marigold petals are easy to pair with savory flavors and even easier to look at… I may even throw some into my salad. Marigold – Both French marigolds (Tagetes patula) and African marigolds (T. erecta) produce flowers that are technically edible, but the pungent scent is probably worth avoiding. As an added bonus, chickens who eat marigolds lay eggs with bright yellow yolks. They are popular among gardeners because of the ease with which they grow and their cheery yellow-orange hue. Marigolds line sidewalks and flower beds across North America. Seeds usually germinate in 4-14 days. For best flavor, grow Tagetes patula (French marigold), Tagetes tenuifolia (Gem marigolds) or Tagetes lucida (Mexican mint marigold). In fact, marigolds are sometimes referred to as the “poor man’s saffron.”. Marigolds not only ward off insects in your garden, but they are also an antioxidant and promote the growth of new skin tissue. These also produce edible flowers, which are often used directly on salads when fresh or added to spice blends when dried. It’s the same with our marigolds. 4. However, the blooms are edible not only for livestock, but for humans, too! Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! The marigolds that I know are edible are called "pot marigolds" which are also called calendulas. A yellow dye obtained from the flowers can be used as a saffron substitute for colouring and flavouring foods. While marigolds deter pests, they attract bees, butterflies and ladybugs to the garden. Marigolds are still called the herb of the sun becau… African Marigolds are very good bedding plants. Calendulas are edible to humans (in salads etc). “The marigold abroad her leaves doth spread, because the sun and her power is the same,” wrote poet Henry Constable in a 1592 sonnet. Most marigolds we grow are a cross between tall African (T. erecta) and dwarf French (T. patula) varieties. Hundreds of delicious recipes, paired with simple sides, that can be on your table in 45 minutes or less. And as always with new ingredients, slowly introduce them into your diet to prevent possible allergic reactions. Marigold roots also emit a substance that is toxic to harmful root nematodes. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. I'm afraid that African marigolds (whether petite or not) are not edible, however "calendula" (which some people call marigolds) are edible. African Marigolds (Tagetes erecta) With large, pom-pom flowers on either compact or relatively tall plants, African marigolds are popular for both the border and as cut flowers. The marigold you have shown in the pictures here is not suggested to be used as an edible plant. Sign up for our newsletter. The African or American Marigolds are the largest members of the marigold family and are herbaceous plants that belong to the sunflower family. Spiderwort, Marigolds, Rosemary, Smartweed, Pineapple Weed, Chamomile, False Roselle, Lavender, Forsythia, Borage Every time I see a spiderwort I think of Pocahontas, the 11-year old Indian girl who save the life of Captain John Smith (see my separate article about them and spiderworts.) They’ll taste even better if you can pick them early in the morning before they’ve had too much sun. There is NOTHING delicate or subtle about these edible flowers. The marigold has long been associated with the sun. The marigold abroad her leaves doth spread, because the sun and her power is the same, wrote poet Henry Constable in a 1592 sonnet. Also known as Aztec or American marigolds, these plants have very large blooms; therefore, they are perfect for floral arrangements, decoration, and even bouquets. Description African Marigolds Tagetes Erecta Flowers. Marigold Tagetes are NOT edible and should never be confused for Calendula officinalis. What To Know Before You Grow African marigold plants propagate easily from seed started indoors 4-6 weeks before last frost date or sown directly in the garden after all danger of frost has passed. He was kind enough to give this answer. You also should NEVER use pesticides or other chemicals on any part of any plant that produces blossoms you plan to eat. Get involved. You might not realise this, but marigolds are also one of plenty of edible flowers that you could grow amongst your fruits and vegetables. They also have larger flowers that can be up to 6 inches (15 cm.) When planting or transplanting African marigold plants, be sure to plant them slightly deeper than they were originally growing. Cooking Light may receive compensation for some links to products and services on this website. Cooking Light is part of the Allrecipes Food Group. Oh the possibilities! Just as other marigolds, they grow best in a spot that is sunny and warm. (This probably refers to the use of the flowers as an edible dye) A touch of earthiness from cilantro and a squeeze of lime for some acidity and brightness bring together a warm soup for any occasion. These classic annuals are easily grown from seed and are much taller than their cousins, the French marigolds. Sometimes, marigolds are referred to as the poor man’s saffron for its hue and flavor. African marigold plants can also be purchased at most garden centers in the spring. African marigold flowers are used as a food colourant in Europe, but have only been approved for use as a poultry feed additive in the US. NOT EVERY FLOWER/PLANT IS EDIBLE  In fact, sampling some flowers can make you very, very sick. This week, I took a look at marigolds. Golden marigolds grow to reach 10-20 inches in height, and can spread almost invasively if they’re not well maintained. These flowers are yellow to orange and do not include red colored Marigolds. Calendula officinalis is in the plant family known as Asteraceae or Compositae. © Copyright 2020 Meredith Corporation. Marigolds are eaten as petals or leaves, raw or blanched, fresh or dry, sweet or savory. But if that’s not possible, don’t worry. Whatever you think of their flavor, the flowers are indeed edible and if nothing else a feast for the eyes. Subject: Re: edible marigolds; E.Czekalski question From: E.Czekalski.m.bull.com Date: Tue, 05 Mar 96 10:21:43 EST. The Africans take longer to reach flowering stage than the French type. French marigold (Tagetes patula) is an excellent choice for container sales and garden planting. Depends whether you mean 'English' Marigolds (Calendula spp) or African/French Marigolds (Tagetes spp). Its blossom can […] Calendula marigolds are yellow-orange in color and form small florets of petals that are harvested and dried for their numerous medicinal properties. To be honest, the bright orange buds were intimidating. Dried and crumbled petals can pinch-hit for oh-so-expensive saffron in … They grow best in full sun and actually seem to prefer poor soil. The last time I ate something that bright, it was mixed into water and resulted in that sugary orange drink that I used to love called Tang. Hello all, I'd had some off-line conversations about whether all marigolds were edible so asked Shepherd Ogden of Cooks. This toxin can stay in the soil for a few years. Offers may be subject to change without notice. Pot marigold (Calenula) is described as edible, French marigold (Tagetes erecta) and African marigold (T. patula) just described as garden annuals. In Mexico, African marigolds are a traditional flower placed on altars on The Day of the Dead. No wonder the blooms are a common addition to dishes these days... Slightly peppery in taste and vibrant in color, these marigold petals remind me of arugula with a hint of tang and spice. ... Signet marigolds are the tasty edible and can be picked and eaten and used to decorate salads just like the marigold calendula. Sometimes, marigolds are referred to as the poor man’s saffron for its hue and flavor. The Ancient Welsh used to believe that marigolds had the ability to predict the weather. Signet marigold (also known as gem marigold) is both bite-sized for use as edible flowers and an attractant to beneficial insects. It is not exactly poisonous and is used in gardens as an ornamental, that is often planted as a pest control companion for other vegetables. Our 31-day calendar of meals and tips shows you how to cook more and love it with fun, family-friendly meals that come together quickly and deliciously. African marigold (Tagetes erecta), with its large flower heads atop long, sturdy stems, makes an excellent cut flower. Be careful when handling marigolds because some people can get skin irritations from the plant’s oils. I decided to create a mushroom and ginger broth with shaved carrots for sweetness and spice to play on the marigold's natural flavor. Marigolds belong to the Asteraceae family of plants.They have many different names according to the species’ subtype, even though its botanical name is Tagetes, and they are native to the American continent (1).. If deadheaded regularly, African marigold plants will usually produce many large blooms. 2. In fact, because of their dainty, low-growing habit and penchant for dry, hot areas, they are sometimes called rock-garden marigolds. Plus, the flowers and buds are edible, having a somewhat citrus-like flavor. Signet marigolds (T. tenuifolia), on the other hand, are much smaller than French marigolds. Growing African marigolds or French marigolds around vegetable gardens to repel harmful insects, rabbits and deer is a gardening habit that goes back for centuries. Edible flowers are always best when picked fresh from the garden. I've seen one or two references to the African Marigold (T. erecta) being edible. Signet marigolds have edible flowers that make a pretty garnish or colorful addition to a salad. However, the Tagetes erecta is native to North Africa, and then the Tagetes patula is now native to Europe, more specifically to France (2). Marigolds are still called the herb of the sun because of this. Esther. It’s native to Egypt and parts of the Mediterranean but is now grown in every continent, usually blooming during the warmer months of the year (from about M… Sign up for our daily newsletter for more great articles and tasty, healthy recipes. Avoid wilted or unopen blossoms. The flowers are edible and often used as a bright topper for salads, pasta and vegetables. The petals from marigolds are edible and can be added to salads – why don’t you try them? The marigold has long been associated with the sun. They're very different plants, so just 'cos one is edible, doesn't mean that the other is. African marigolds are taller and more tolerant of hot, dry conditions than French marigolds. Despite their common name of African marigolds, these plants are actually native to the Americas. This helps them stabilize to support their heavy flower tops. You'll hear both being called Marigolds, but the herbal remedies you'll see are based on Calendula officinalis. These are some popular African marigold varieties: Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. They are unapologetically loud. Marigolds . Tall varieties may need to be staked for support. They can grow over 2 feet tall and have flowers that are 5 inches across. Once established, they will bloom all summer and actually make a great fall annual, bringing color to a garden when little else is still blooming. Talk to people who sell flowers and even restaurants who use edible flowers, get to know your floral foods and get creative!Flowers are best eaten at their peak! Marigolds are a “sure thing” annual flower. The petals can be added to a range of salads, as in this excellent example: Continue reading for more African marigold information. On the daintier side, our citrus marigolds are smaller. Marigolds Are Edible Plants. The fresh receptacle is eaten by children. If the flower blossoms were closed, a storm was said to be approaching; however, if the blossoms were blooming, they celebrated the outlook of better weather and overall happiness. African marigolds (Tagetes erecta), which are actually native to Mexico and Central America, were sacred to the Aztecs, who used them as a medicine and as a ceremonial offering to the sun gods. in diameter. Mexican Marigold Mint, also known by many other names including Winter Tarragon, Root Beer plant, Yerba anis or Cloud Plant (Tagetes lucida)is edible. Edible parts of African Marigold: The petals of the flowers of some varieties can be eaten. The plant is used as a condiment. Alas, the petals are mild but still flavorful— a natural choice when looking to add some color and fun to your dishes. *** When picking flowers to be eaten, make sure they were grown in a pesticide-free environment, (meaning that most florists won’t be a suitable source). Marigolds are not just a good companion plant – they are an edible crop in their own right. Last week I tackled Gardenias. African marigolds (Tagetes erecta), which are actually native to Mexico and Central America, were sacred to the Aztecs, who used them as a medicine and as a ceremonial offering to the sun gods. # To be honest, the bright orange buds were intimidating. There are many reason to praise the mild spiderwort. 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